Category Archives: Congenital anomaly

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Left cervical rib.

This is a radiograph of a patient who has been experiencing intermittent claudication of the left arm for many years.

left cervical rib

Case submitted to Radiopaedia by Dr. Jan Fank Gerstenmaier (link)

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Club Feet

Clubfoot is a complex deformity that is readily apparent at birth and in some cases is diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound. The goal of treatment is to obtain and maintain correction of the clubfoot so that the patient has a functional, pain-free, plantigrade foot, with good mobility and without calluses, and does not need modified shoes. Parents of infants born with clubfeet and no other significant medical problems should be reassured that their child, when treated by medical experts, will have feet that are fully compatible with a normal, active life. However, it must always be remembered that a clubfoot will never be a normal foot. (from

Image from helpcurenow flickr (link)

Here are baby Moses’ feet after casting.  (for additional images click here)

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Syndactyly is the most common congenital malformation of the limbs, with an incidence of 1 in 2000-3000 live births.  Syndactyly can be classified as simple when it involves soft tissues only and classified as complex when it involves the bone or nail of adjacent fingers. (from emedicine)

Image from (link)

In simple syndactyly, the third web space between the long finger and the ring finger is the area most commonly involved, followed by the fourth, second, and (rarely) first web spaces. Bilateral involvement is found in 50% of patients. (from emedicine)

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Anencephaly Illustration

Anencephaly is a cephalic disorder that results from a neural tube defect that occurs when the rostral (head) end of the neural tube fails to close, usually between the 23rd and 26th day of conception, resulting in the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp. (from wikipedia)

Indebted to Scientificillustration tumblr for making me aware of this image (link).   Archiv fur Anatomie, Physiologie und Wissenschaftliche Medicin, 1839 (link)

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