Category Archives: Historical

Kepler Optica

A plate from Johannes Kepler’s Ad Vitellionem Paralipomena, quibus Astronomiae Pars Optica (1604), illustrating the structure of eyes.


Image from wikimedia commons (link)

The Renaissance astronomer and astrologer Johannes Kepler is best known for his discovery of the three principles of planetary motion, by which he clarified the spatial organization of the solar system. Moreover, he founded modern optics by presenting the earliest correct explanation of how human beings see. He was the first to set forth accurately what happens to light after it enters a telescope, and he designed a particular form of that instrument. His ideas provided a transition from the ancient geometrical description of the heavens to modern dynamical astronomy, into which he introduced the concept of physical force.

(from Univ Oregon – link)

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Anencephaly Illustration

Anencephaly is a cephalic disorder that results from a neural tube defect that occurs when the rostral (head) end of the neural tube fails to close, usually between the 23rd and 26th day of conception, resulting in the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp. (from wikipedia)

Indebted to Scientificillustration tumblr for making me aware of this image (link).   Archiv fur Anatomie, Physiologie und Wissenschaftliche Medicin, 1839 (link)

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Bidloo Placenta

Best known as an anatomist, Govard Bidloo’s most famous work was his monumental Anatomia humani corporis published in Amsterdam in 1685, containing 107 copperplate engravings. Like so many large and expensive anatomical atlases of the time, the work was not a financial success, and in 1690 he published a Dutch translation entitled, Ontleding des menschelyken lichaams, using the same plates. (from national library of medicine)

Bidloo (link)

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Diaphragm. Abdomen

‘Traite complet de l’anatomie de l’homme, comprenant la medicine operatoire.’, by Jean Marc Bourgery, published in Paris by C.A. Delaunay, 1831-54.

Image from OpiumMeadow flickr (link)

‘Diaphragme. Plan Abdominal.’ (Diaphragm. Abdomen.) This plate shows the diaphragm and abdomen of an adult. Vertebrae, tendon, aponeurosis, psoas etc.

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