The cecum  is a pouch, usually peritoneal, that is considered to be the beginning of the large intestine. It receives fecal material from the ileum, and connects to the ascending colon of the large intestine. It is separated from the ileum by the ileocecal valve (ICV) or Bauhin’s valve. It is also separated from the colon by the cecocolic junction. The appendix is connected to the cecum. While the cecum is usually peritoneal, the ascending colon is retroperitoneal. (adapted from wikipedia)

Imags from Laskowski, Sigismond (b. 1841).   Anatomie normale du corps humain: atlas iconographique de XVI planches.  [Genève: Braun, 1894]

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