Hydrocephalus skull

Hydrocephalus, also known as “water on the brain,” is a medical condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles, or cavities, of the brain. This may cause increased intracranial pressure inside the skull and progressive enlargement of the head, convulsion, tunnel vision, and mental disability. Hydrocephalus can also cause death. (adapted from wikipedia)

Image source (sutured infection. tumblr ).  Joseph Vimont and Engelman – Skull of a Hydrocephalic Child, from Traité de Phrénologie Humaine et Comparée, 1832

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