A glomerulus is a capillary tuft that is involved in the first step of filtering blood to form urine.
A glomerulus is surrounded by Bowman’s capsule, the beginning component of nephrons in the vertebrate kidney. A glomerulus receives its blood supply from an afferent arteriole of the renal circulation. Unlike most other capillary beds, the glomerulus drains into an efferent arteriole rather than a venule. The resistance of these arterioles results in high pressure within the glomerulus, aiding the process of ultrafiltration, where fluids and soluble materials in the blood are forced out of the capillaries and into Bowman’s capsule.
A glomerulus and its surrounding Bowman’s capsule constitute a renal corpuscle, the basic filtration unit of the kidney.
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