By the end of the nineteenth century, the surgical treatment of esodeviations was supported by methods aimed to weaken the medial rectus (tenotomies, myotomies) and to strengthen the lateral rectus (advancement, pleating and resection). During twentieth century, progress achieved in anesthesiology and the quality of suture material led Jameson (1922) to substitute tenotomy by muscular recession. Since then, the surgery of squint has never been modified basically up to 1970 when Cuppers created the retro-equatorial myopexy.  (From J Fr Ophtalmol. 1984;7(6-7):493-8.)

A girl from Kansas City, 1888

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