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Syndactyly is the most common congenital malformation of the limbs, with an incidence of 1 in 2000-3000 live births.  Syndactyly can be classified as simple when it involves soft tissues only and classified as complex when it involves the bone or nail of adjacent fingers. (from emedicine)

Image from eatonhand.com (link)

In simple syndactyly, the third web space between the long finger and the ring finger is the area most commonly involved, followed by the fourth, second, and (rarely) first web spaces. Bilateral involvement is found in 50% of patients. (from emedicine)

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17 October 2012

Conakry, Guinea

Makone Soumaoro, 30, goiter. “I don’t have pain, but I am worried that my neck swells that much. I hope it it is not a tumor because I am a housewife and my man and three children need me.”

Guinea is one of the least developed countries in the world. More than 60 percent of the population lives on less than one dollar per day. Three quarters of the population is illiterate. Health care is substandard and unaffordable for most people. Some get help with their health problems from NGO Mercy Ships aboard the hospital ship ‘African Mercy’ docked in the capital Conakry. They are treated by volunteer surgeons, doctors and nurses with such health issues as cataracts, teeth problems, and skin diseases to more complex orthopedic or tumor surgeries. (from world press photos- link)

Stephan Vanfleteren of Belgium, a Panos photographer working for Mercy Ships/De Standaard,  won the first prize in the People – Staged Portraits Stories category of the World Press Photo Contest 2013 with the series ‘People of Mercy, Guinea’. The picture shows Makone Soumaoro, 30, who has a goiter. (Reuters) link

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In 1950s Russia, underground music lovers listened to banned Western hits on home-made records pressed on discarded X-ray film. The records were called “roentgenizdat,” or “X-ray pressed” records.

An X-ray pressing of “St. Louis Blues,” from this online collection of roentgenizdat.

Western music was largely banned in the USSR, and so pop music lovers had to copy smuggled records themselves, using very basic equipment. In place of expensive vinyl, they discovered that old X-ray film, liberated from hospital dumpsters, worked well enough, and thus roentgenizdat were born. In fact, they were a key part of a vibrant underground music scene, opposed at every turn by the state. In 1959, with the establishment of an official “Music Patrol,” many roentgenizdat distributors were actually sent to prison. (reblogged from Boston.com -link)

Additional images (here)

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Supernumerary Digit

Polydactyly is the most common congenital digital anomaly of the hand and foot. It may appear in isolation or in association with other birth defects. Isolated polydactyly is often autosomal dominant or occasionally random, while syndromic polydactyly is commonly autosomal recessive.

AnatomyBox image

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